The modern jury focuses on three main ideas: impartiality, as laid out in the Sixth Amendment, jury of one’s peers, stemming from the Magna Carta, and a jury that represents a fair cross-section of the community. The cross-section idea has been developed by case law, but originates from the Sixth Amendment, under the belief that jury selection that does not systematically discriminate against members of the community and has a jury pool represents a cross-section of the community is likely to be impartial. Jurors are likely to draw upon their own experiences when deliberating, so having a variety of experiences and perspectives can make for a more well-balanced discussion. An additional hope is that when selecting from a cross-section, it makes the jury more representative of the community and increases the legitimacy of the jury. However, just because the jury pool may represent a cross-section of the community, the final jury may not.
"Race and the Jury: How the Law is Keeping Minorities off the Jury,"
Washington University Undergraduate Law Review:
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