Xi QiuFollow

Author's School

Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts

Author's Department/Program

Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design


English (en)

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Architectural Studies

Chair and Committee

Robert McCarter


This thesis seeks to reexamine Fumihiko Maki’s Investigations in Collective Form: 1964) from a historical and educational point of view, speculating the practical and pedagogical implications of Maki’s collective form theory. Firstly, to better understand the formation of both the writer himself and the book, the historical context in the 1950s and 1960s will be unfolded to reveal what Maki had encountered during his formative years that had contributed to his cross-cultural background and had inspired his thoughts in the book. Secondly, the three paradigms and the notion of linkage, as proposed in the book, will be analyzed through comparisons with other influential architectural theories and studies. The understanding of the collective form theory will be expanded through exploring parallel ideas and examining Maki’s practice. Moreover, past educational integrations of the design philosophies derived from collective form will be studied, which will include, but not limit to, the earliest urban design studios in School of Architecture at Washington University: WU) and the Graduate School of Design: GSD) at Harvard. Last but not least, contemporary application and development of collective form theory will be explored. Conclusions will be drawn upon the possibilities of how the inherited nature of collective form can further contribute to the future architectural practice and pedagogy.


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