Author's School

School of Engineering & Applied Science

Author's Department/Program

Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering


English (en)

Date of Award

Spring 4-25-2013

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Chair and Committee

Venkat Subramanian


Electrochemical power sources have had significant improvements in design, economy, and operating range and are expected to play a vital role in the future in a wide range of applications. The lithium-ion battery is an ideal candidate for a wide variety of applications due to its high energy/power density and operating voltage. Some limitations of existing lithium-ion battery technology include underutilization, stress-induced material damage, capacity fade, and the potential for thermal runaway. This dissertation contributes to the efforts in the modeling, simulation and optimization of lithium-ion batteries and their use in the design of better batteries for the future. While physics-based models have been widely developed and studied for these systems, the rigorous models have not been employed for parameter estimation or dynamic optimization of operating conditions. The first chapter discusses a systems engineering based approach to illustrate different critical issues possible ways to overcome them using modeling, simulation and optimization of lithium-ion batteries. The chapters 2-5, explain some of these ways to facilitate: i) capacity fade analysis of Li-ion batteries using different approaches for modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries,: ii) model based optimal design in Li-ion batteries and: iii) optimum operating conditions: current profile) for lithium-ion batteries based on dynamic optimization techniques. The major outcomes of this thesis will be,: i) comparison of different types of modeling efforts that will help predict and understand capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries that will help design better batteries for the future,: ii) a methodology for the optimal design of next-generation porous electrodes for lithium-ion batteries, with spatially graded porosity distributions with improved energy efficiency and battery lifetime and: iii) optimized operating conditions of batteries for high energy and utilization efficiency, safer operation without thermal runaway and longer life.


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