Technical Report Number
We introduce the integral-pixel camera model, where measurements integrate over large and potentially overlapping parts of the visual field. This models a wide variety of novel camera designs, including omnidirectional cameras, compressive sensing cameras, and novel programmable-pixel imaging chips. We explore the relationship of integral-pixel measurements with image motion and find (a) that direct motion estimation using integral-pixels is possible and in some cases quite good, (b) standard compressive-sensing reconstructions are not good for estimating motion, and (c) when we design image reconstruction algorithms that explicitly reason about image motion, they outperform standard compressive-sensing video reconstruction. We show experimental results for a variety of simulated cases, and have preliminary results showing a prototype camera with integral-pixels whose design makes direct motion estimation possible.
Jacobs, Nathan; Schuh, Stephen; and Pless, Robert, "On Unusual Pixel Shapes and Image Motion" Report Number: wucse-2009-16 (2009). All Computer Science and Engineering Research.