This paper studies the flow field and power generation from Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) arrays using an extension of the Actuator Cylinder Model that includes the viscous effects. The ideal spacing for two VAWT arrays is determined by solving the Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations with the Spalart-Allmaras (SA) turbulence model in ANSYS Fluent. Next, a third VAWT is introduced downfield and calculations are repeated to determine the ideal downfield distance for each spacing variation of the leading row of two turbines. Comparisons are made with an isolated vertical axis wind turbine. Differences in generated power are discussed.

Document Type

Final Report

Author's School

McKelvey School of Engineering

Author's Department

Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science

Class Name

Mechanical Engineering and Material Sciences Independent Study

Date of Submission