Article Title

Antitrust Treatment of Cartels: A Comparative Survey of Competition Law Exemptions in the United States, the European Union, Australia and Japan

Publication Title

Washington University Global Studies Law Review


This Article compares four jurisdictional approaches to anticompetitive behavior: (1) the U.S. “rule of reason” approach, (2) the multifaceted flexible approach under the Treaty Establishing the European Community, (3) the relatively strict Australian per se illegality approach, and (4) the less-developed antimonopoly regime in Japan.