American Indian and Alaska Natives youth and adults experience higher rates of type 2 diabetes and mental health problems than the general United States population. Few studies have explored the relationship other than detail the two issues independently. The present review aims to identify programs that seek to prevent/treat type 2 diabetes and mental health disorders in the American Indian and Alaska Native population. Available programs were reviewed for AI/AN adults and youth who suffer with both. As part of the review process, databases were searched for peer reviewed published studies. It was found that very few programs effectively incorporate mental health into the existing diabetes program. Four recommendations for future research are offered based on this literature review.

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This article was supported by the Washington University Center for Diabetes Translation Research, P30 DK092950. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIDDK.

This article was originally published in the Washington University Journal of American Indian & Alaska Native Health.

Original Citation:Whitegoat, Wynette; Vu, Jeremy; Thompson, Kellie; and Gallagher, Jennifer (2015) "Mental Health in Diabetes Prevention and Intervention Programs in American Indian/Alaska Native Communities,"Washington University Journal of American Indian & Alaska Native Health: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 4. DOI: 10.7936/K7PC30R7