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Author's School

Brown School of Social Work

Date Submitted

Fall 12-12-2014



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Over two billion people worldwide use solid fuels (e.g., charcoal, wood, crop waste) for cooking, lighting, and other basic needs. When used with traditional cooking methods, solid fuels contribute to indoor air pollution and threaten maternal and child health (Rehfuess, Mehta, & Prüss-Üstün, 2006; UNDP, 2008). In the Philippines, 65% of households report solid fuels as their main source of cooking energy (NSO & ICF Macro, 2009). This study uses spatial analysis and multilevel modeling to explore two questions: are there spatial differences in household solid fuel use (HSFU) in the Philippines? What social, economic, and geographic characteristics are associated with such use?


Social Work



Solid Fuel Use in the Philippines: An Exploratory Sociospatial Analysis
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