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Author's School

Graduate School of Arts & Sciences

Author's Department/Program



Mark McDaniel, David A. Balota, Sandra Hale, Henry L. Roediger, III, R. Keith Sawyer, Daniel Shea


English (en)

Date of Award

Winter 12-15-2007

Degree Type

Restricted Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Prospective memory (PM) involves the performance of a delayed intention. Implementation intentions are condition-action statements that can improve goal completion (Gollwitzer & Brandstatter, 1997). In spite of research suggesting that implementation intentions can improve PM performance in older adults, little work has been done to examine implementation intentions (and their necessary features) and PM in young adults. Gollwitzer (1999) suggested that implementation intentions may automatize performance of the desired behavior. The present study compared the effectiveness of different implementation intentions in a PM paradigm, using a costsensitive ongoing task, for focal and non-focal PM tasks. PM performance and cost were also examined with respect to the five factors of the NEO-FFI (Costa & McCrae, 1989).


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