Electrical and Systems Engineering
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Chair and Committee
This thesis explores the novel use of a wireless electromagnetic: EM) tracking device in a Computed Tomography: CT) environment. The sources of electromagnetic interference inside a Philips Brilliant Big Bore CT scanner are analyzed. A research version of the Calypso wireless tracking system was set up inside the CT suite, and a set of three Beacon transponders was bonded to a plastic fixture. The tracking system was tested under different working parameters including orientation of tracking beacons, the gain level of the frontend amplifier, the distance between the transponders and the sensor array, the rotation speed of the CT gantry, and the presence/absence of the CT X-ray source. The performance of the tracking system reveals two obvious factors which bring in electromagnetic interference: 1) metal like effect brought in by carbon fiber patient couch and 2) electromagnetic disturbance due to spinning metal inside the CT gantry. The accuracy requirements for electromagnetic tracking in the CT environment are a Root Mean Square: RMS) error of <2 mm in stationary position tracking. Within a working volume of 120├ù120├ù120 mm3 centered 200 mm below the sensor array, the tracking system achieves the desired clinical goal.
Wen, Jie, "Electromagnetic Tracking for Medical Imaging" (2010). All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs). 469.