Author's School

School of Engineering & Applied Science

Author's Department/Program

Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science


English (en)

Date of Award

Spring 4-22-2013

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Chair and Committee

David Peters


In this research, the Hseih/Duffy model is extended to all three velocity components of inflow across the rotor disk in a mathematically rigorous way so that it can be used to calculate the inflow below the rotor disk plane. This establishes a complete dynamic inflow model for the entire flow field with finite state method. The derivation is for the case of general skewed angle. The cost of the new method is that one needs to compute the co-states of the inflow equations in the upper hemisphere along with the normal states. Numerical comparisons with exact solutions for the z-component of flow in axial and skewed angle flow demonstrate excellent correlation with closed-form solutions. The simulations also illustrate that the model is valid at both the frequency domain and the time domain.

Meanwhile, in order to accelerate the convergence, an optimization of even terms is used to minimize the error in the axial component of the induced velocity in the on and on/off disk region. A novel method for calculating associate Legendre function of the second kind is also developed to solve the problem of divergence with the iterative method. An application of the new model is also conducted to compute inflow in the wake of a rotor with a finite number of blades. The velocities are plotted at different distances from the rotor disk and are compared with the Glauert prediction for axial flow and wake swirl. In the finite-state model, the angular momentum does not jump instantaneously across the disk, but it does transition rapidly across the disk to correct Glauert value.


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