Author's School

School of Engineering & Applied Science

Author's Department/Program

Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science


English (en)

Date of Award

Spring 4-25-2013

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Chair and Committee

David A Peter


Finite-state induced-inflow theory is used to develop an analytic formulation for general performance of the lifting rotor with arbitrary loading. The theory incorporates conventional blade-element theory for blade lift and provides the integrated loads and the induced-power of the rotor in terms of an arbitrary number of rotor controls such as conventional collective and cyclic pitch as well as higher harmonic radial and azimuthal pitch. The theory provides the basis for a classical quadratic optimization with realistic constraints that is applied to determine minimum induced-power for a variety of available control combinations, rotor trim constraints, and operating conditions. The findings show significantly increased induced-power relative to ideal Glauert power at moderate and high advance ratios that also depends on the rotor moment trim constraints. Higher harmonic and radial blade twist significantly reduce the non-ideal induced-power increment. It appears that increasing the available controls enables the optimum solution to redistribute the rotor loading so as to minimize the induced-power.


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