Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
The mouse brain can be studied over vast spatial scales ranging from microscopic imaging of single neurons to macroscopic measurements of hemodynamics acquired over the majority of the mouse cortex. However, most neuroimaging modalities are limited by a fundamental trade-off between the spatial resolution and the field-of-view (FOV) over which the brain can be imaged, making it difficult to fully understand the functional and structural architecture of the healthy mouse brain and its disruption in disease. My dissertation has focused on developing multiscale optical systems capable of imaging the mouse brain at both microscopic and mesoscopic spatial scales, specifically addressing the difference in spatial scales imaged with two-photon microscopy (TPM) and optical intrinsic signal imaging (OISI). Central to this work has been the formulation of a principled design strategy for extending the FOV of the two-photon microscope. Using this design approach, we constructed a TPM system with subcellular resolution and a FOV area 100 times greater than a conventional two-photon microscope. To image the ellipsoidal shape of the mouse cortex, we also developed the microscope to image arbitrary surfaces within a single frame using an electrically tunable lens. Finally, to address the speed limitations of the TPM systems developed during my dissertation, I also conducted research in large-scale neural phenomena occurring in the mouse brain imaged with high-speed OISI. The work conducted during my dissertation addresses some of the fundamental principles in designing and applying optical systems for multiscale imaging of the mouse brain.
Joseph P. Culver
Daniel Côté, Viktor Gruev, Timothy Holy, Matthew Lew,