Technical Report Number
This paper proposes Eﬃcient Sleep Scheduling based on Application Timing (ESSAT), a novel power manage-ment scheme that aggressively exploits the timing seman-tics of wireless sensor network applications. We present three ESSAT protocols each of which integrates (1) a light-weight traﬃc shaper that actively shapes the workload inside the network to achieve predictable timing proper-ties over multiple hops, and (2) a local scheduling algorithm that wakes up nodes just-in-time based on the tim-ing properties of shaped workloads. Our ESSAT protocols have several distinguishing features. First, they can save signiﬁcant energy with minimal delay penalties. Second, they do not maintain TDMA schedules or communication backbones; as such, they are highly eﬃcient and suitable for resource constrained sensor platforms. Moreover, the protocols are robust in highly dynamic network environ-ments, i.e., they can handle variable multi-hop communication delays and aggregate workloads involving multiple queries, and can adapt to varying workload and network topologies. Our simulations showed that DTS-SS, an ES-SAT protocol, achieved an average node duty cycle 38-87% lower than SPAN, and query latencies 36-98% lower than PSM and SYNC.
Chipara, Octav; Lu, Chenyang; and Roman, Gruia-Catalin, "Efficient Power Management based on Application Timing Semantics for Wireless Sensor Networks" Report Number: WUCSE-2004-26 (2004). All Computer Science and Engineering Research.