Technical Report Number
Radio power management is of paramount concern in wireless sensor networks that must achieve long lifetimes on scarce amounts of energy. While a multitude of power management protocols have been proposed in the past, the lack of system support for flexibly integrating them with a diverse set of applications and network platforms has made them difficult to use. Instead of proposing yet another power management protocol, this paper focuses on providing link layer support towards realizing a Unified Power Management Architecture (UPMA) for flexible radio power management in wireless sensor networks. In contrast to the monolithic approaches adopted by existing power management solutions, we provide (1) a set of standard interfaces that allow different power management protocols existing at the link layer to be easily implemented on top of common MAC level functionality, (2) an architectural framework for enabling these protocols to be easily swapped in and out depending on the needs of the applications that require them, and (3) a mechanism for coordinating the existence of multiple applications, each of which may have different requirements for the same underlying power management protocol. We have implemented these features on the Mica2 and Telosb radio stacks in TinyOS-2.0. Microbenchmark results demonstrate that the separation of power management from MAC level functionality incurs a negligible decrease in performance when compared to existing monolithic implementations. Two case studies show that the power management requirements of multiple applications can be easily coordinated, sometimes even resulting in better power savings than any one of them can achieve individually.
Klues, Kevin; Xing, Guoliang; and Lu, Chenyang, "Link Layer Support for Unified Radio Power Management In Wireless Sensor Networks" Report Number: WUCSE-2006-63 (2006). All Computer Science and Engineering Research.