Technical Report Number
Radio power management is of paramount concern in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) that must achieve long lifetimes on scarce amount of energy. Previous work has treated communication and sensing separately, which is insufficient for a common class of sensor networks that must satisfy both sensing and communication requirements. Furthermore, previous approaches focused on reducing energy consumption in individual radio states resulting in suboptimal solutions. Finally, existing power management protocols often assume simplistic models that cannot accurately reflect the sensing and communication properties of real-world WSNs. We develop a unified power management approach to address these issues. We first analyze the relationship between sensing and communication performance of WSNs. We show that sensing coverage often leads to good network connectivity and geographic routing performance, which provides insights into unified power management under both sensing and communication performance requirements. We then develop a novel approach called Minimum Power Configuration that ingegrates the power consumption in different radio states into a unified optimization framework. Finally, we develop two power management protocols that account for realistic communication and sensing properties of WSNs. Configurable Topology Control can configure a network topology to achieve desired path quality in presence of asymmetric and lossy links. Co-Grid is a coverage maintenance protocol that adopts a probabilistic sensing model. Co-Grid can satisfy desirable sensing QoS requirements (i.e., detection probability and false alarm rate) based on a distributed data fusion model.
Xing, Guoliang, "Unified Power Management in Wireless Sensor Networks, Doctoral Dissertation, August 2006" Report Number: WUCSE-2006-59 (2006). All Computer Science and Engineering Research.