Technical Report Number
The lack of per-flow bandwidth reservation in today's Internet limits the quality of service that an information service provider can provide. This dissertation introduces the reserved delivery subnetwork (RDS), a mechanism that provides consistent quality of service by implementing aggregate bandwidth reservation. A number of design and deployment issues of RDSs are studied. First, the configuration problem of a single-server RDS is formulated as a minimum concave cost network flow problem, which properly reflects the economy of bandwidth aggregation, but is also an NP-hard problem. To make the RDS configuration problem tractable, an efficient approximation heuristic, largest demands first (LDF), is presented and studied. In addition, performance improvements with local search heuristic is investigated. A traditional negative cycle reduction and a new negative bicycle reduction algorithms are applied and evaluated. The study of RDS configuration problems is then extended to multi-server RDSs. The configuration problem can be similarly formulated as the single-server RDS configuration problem; however, the major challenge of multi-server RDS configuration is the optimal server locations. A number of server placement algorithms are evaluated using simulations. The simulation results show that a class of greedy algorithms provide the best solutions. In addition to configuration problem, the dynamic load redistribution mechanism is studied to improve the tolerance to server failures. A configuration algorithm to build redistribution subnetworks is proposed and evaluated to deal with single server failures in a group of servers. Besides the exclusive bandwidth access, there are potentials to further improve end-to-end performance in an RDS because end hosts can utilize the knowledge about the underlying networks to achieve better performance than in the ordinary Internet. These improvements are illustrated with a source traffic regulation technique to resolve the unbalanced bandwidth utilization problem in an RDS. A per-connection and an aggregated regulation algorithm for single-server and multi-server RDSs are presented and studied.
Qiu, Ruibiao, "Design Issues of Reserved Delivery Subnetworks, Doctoral Dissertation, May 2006" Report Number: WUCSE-2006-5 (2006). All Computer Science and Engineering Research.