Searchable Title

Development and Preliminary Validation of Refugee Trauma History Checklist (RTHC)-A Brief Checklist for Survey Studies. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Sigvardsdotter, E.; Nilsson, H.; Malm, A.; Tinghog, P.; Gottvall, M.; Vaez, M.; Saboonchi, F.

Title, Section

Development and Preliminary Validation of Refugee Trauma History Checklist (RTHC)-A Brief Checklist for Survey Studies. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2017

Journal Title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Volume

14

Issue

10

Pages

E1175

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 28976937

DOI

10.3390/ijerph14101175

Abstract

A high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs), including torture. PTEs, and torture in particular, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports the development and preliminary validation of a brief refugee trauma checklist applicable for survey studies. METHODS: A pool of 232 items was generated based on pre-existing instruments. Conceptualization, item selection and item refinement was conducted based on existing literature and in collaboration with experts. Ten cognitive interviews using a Think Aloud Protocol (TAP) were performed in a clinical setting, and field testing of the proposed checklist was performed in a total sample of n = 137 asylum seekers from Syria. RESULTS: The proposed refugee trauma history checklist (RTHC) consists of 2 × 8 items, concerning PTEs that occurred before and during the respondents' flight, respectively. Results show low item non-response and adequate psychometric properties Conclusion: RTHC is a usable tool for providing self-report data on refugee trauma history surveys of community samples. The core set of included events can be augmented and slight modifications can be applied to RTHC for use also in other refugee populations and settings.

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