Searchable Title

Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire - Revised: A Factor Structure from 450 Participants. Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Strauss, C.; Hugdahl, K.; Waters, F.; Hayward, M.; Bless, J. J.; Falkenberg, L. E.; Krakvik, B.; Asbjornsen, A. E.; Johnsen, E.; Sinkeviciute, I.; Kroken, R. A.; Loberg, E. M.; Thomas, N.

Title, Section

Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire - Revised: A Factor Structure from 450 Participants. Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2018

Journal Title

Psychiatry Research

Volume

259

Issue

January

Pages

95-103

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 29035759

DOI

10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.089

Abstract

Hallucinated voices are common across psychiatric and non-clinical groups. The predominant cognitive theory about the impact of voices posits that beliefs about voice power ('Omnipotence') and voice intent ('Malevolence'/'Benevolence') play a key role in determining emotional and behavioral reactions. The revised Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) was designed to assess these constructs, together with two styles of responding (Engagement and Resistance). The BAVQ-R is widely used in clinical and research settings, yet it has not received validation of its constructs and factor structure. This study examined the factor structure of the BAVQ-R by combining datasets from five study centers, comprising 450 participants (belief constructs) and 269 participants (response styles), and using confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. Findings failed to support a three factor belief model, instead showing a two-factor structure ('Persecutory beliefs' combining Omnipotence and Malevolence constructs, and a Benevolent construct). Emotional and behavioral items did not separate. Overall, results showed that (i) a two-factor model of beliefs (Persecutory and Benevolent beliefs) provides a better fit to the data than a three-factor model, and (ii) emotional and behavioral modes of responding items should not be separated. Theoretical implications of this finding are discussed in relation to the research and therapy.

Share

COinS