Searchable Title

Scale of Body Connection: A Multi-Sample Construct Validation Study. Copyright: Cynthia J. Price.

Searchable Authors

C J. Price
E A. Thompson
S C. Cheng

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Price, C. J.; Thompson, E. A.; Cheng, S. C.

Title, Section

Scale of Body Connection: A Multi-Sample Construct Validation Study. Copyright: Cynthia J. Price.

Publication Year

2017

Journal Title

PLoS One

Volume

12

Issue

10

Pages

e0184757

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 29028803

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0184757

Abstract

Full text in S1 Scale and Scoring Information Appendix on the website. The Scale of Body Connection (SBC) was created to address the need for a self-report measure to examine body awareness and bodily dissociation in mind-body research. Developed in the U.S.A., it has been translated into many languages and tested for validity of scale translation. The burgeoning of mind-body research and the widespread use of the SBC scale underscored the need for critical assessment of the instrument's measurement properties. Thus, a broader evaluation of the SBC was designed using large samples from eight international, cross-sectional studies drawn from community (i.e., non-clinical) populations. Specifically, we assessed scale distribution properties and internal consistency reliabity, and using confirmatory factory analysis we evaluated scale contruct validity and compared male/female measurement models. The results indicated acceptable reliability for both the body awareness and bodily dissociation scales, and a good fit between the proposed theoretic model and the data, providing evidence of construct validity across all samples. Mean differences in body awareness were observed for males vs. females in most samples, with females generally showing higher body awareness compared to males. Multi-group structural equation modeling demonstrated a stable latent factor structure and factor loadings, indicating equivalent measurement models for males and females. In summary, this multi-sample study demonstrated SBC construct validity that supports its use in clinical research as a brief, readily translated, easy to administer measure of body awareness and bodily dissociation.

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