Searchable Title

Discrete Emotions Questionnaire: A New Tool for Measuring State Self-Reported Emotions. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Harmon-Jones, C.; Bastian, B.; Harmon-Jones, E.

Title, Section

Discrete Emotions Questionnaire: A New Tool for Measuring State Self-Reported Emotions. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

PLoS One

Volume

11

Issue

8

Pages

e0159915

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 27500829

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0159915

Abstract

Full text is in Appendix S1 on the website. Several discrete emotions have broad theoretical and empirical importance, as shown by converging evidence from diverse areas of psychology, including facial displays, developmental behaviors, and neuroscience. However, the measurement of these states has not progressed along with theory, such that when researchers measure subjectively experienced emotions, they commonly rely on scales assessing broad dimensions of affect (positivity and negativity), rather than discrete emotions. The current manuscript presents four studies that validate a new instrument, the Discrete Emotions Questionnaire (DEQ), that is sensitive to eight distinct state emotions: anger, disgust, fear, anxiety, sadness, happiness, relaxation, and desire. Emotion theory supporting the importance of distinguishing these specific emotions is reviewed.

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