Searchable Title

Development and Validation of the Self-Regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire for Adults. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Kliemann, N.; Beeken, R. J.; Wardle, J.; Johnson, F.

Title, Section

Development and Validation of the Self-Regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire for Adults. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Volume

13

Issue

Aug. 2

Pages

87

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 27484457

DOI

10.1186/s12966-016-0414-6

Abstract

Full text is in Additional File 3 on webpage. BACKGROUND: Eating self-regulatory capacity can help individuals to cope with the obesogenic environment and achieve, as well as maintain, a healthy weight and diet. At present, there is no comprehensive, reliable and valid questionnaire for assessing this capacity and measuring change in response to self-regulation interventions in adults. This paper reports the development of the Self-regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (SREBQ) for use in UK adults, and presents evidence for its reliability and construct validity. The development of the SREBQ involved generation of an item pool, followed by two pilot studies (Samples 1 and 2) and a test of the questionnaire's underlying factor structure (Sample 3). The final version of the SREBQ was then assessed for reliability and construct validity (Sample 4). RESULTS: Development of the SREBQ resulted in a 5-item questionnaire. The face validity was satisfactory, as assessed by the pilot studies. The factor structure analysis (Sample 3) suggested that it has a single underlying factor, which was confirmed in a second sample (Sample 4). The SREBQ had strong construct validity, showing a positive correlation with general measures of self-regulation. It was also positively correlated with motivation and behavioural automaticity, and negatively correlated with food responsiveness and emotional over-eating (p < 0.001). It showed good discriminant validity, as it was only weakly associated with satiety responsiveness, food fussiness and slowness in eating. CONCLUSIONS: The SREBQ is a reliable and valid measure for assessment of eating self-regulatory capacity in the general UK adult population.

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