Searchable Title

Assessing Self-Regulation Strategies: Development and Validation of the Tempest Self-Regulation Questionnaire for Eating (TESQ-E) in Adolescents. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

De Vet, E.; De Ridder, D.; Stok, M.; Brunso, K.; Baban, A.; Gaspar, T.

Title, Section

Assessing Self-Regulation Strategies: Development and Validation of the Tempest Self-Regulation Questionnaire for Eating (TESQ-E) in Adolescents. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2014

Journal Title

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Volume

11

Issue

Sept. 2

Pages

106

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 25231361

DOI

10.1186/s12966-014-0106-z

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Applying self-regulation strategies have proven important in eating behaviors, but it remains subject to investigation what strategies adolescents report to use to ensure healthy eating, and adequate measures are lacking. Therefore, we developed and validated a self-regulation questionnaire applied to eating (TESQ-E) for adolescents. METHODS: Study 1 reports a four-step approach to develop the TESQ-E questionnaire (n = 1097). Study 2 was a cross-sectional survey among adolescents from nine European countries (n = 11,392) that assessed the TESQ-E, eating-related behaviors, dietary intake and background characteristics. In study 3, the TESQ-E was administered twice within four weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability (n = 140). Study 4 was a cross-sectional survey (n = 93) that assessed the TESQ-E and related psychological constructs (e.g., motivation, autonomy, self-control). All participants were aged between 10 and 17 years. RESULTS: Study 1 resulted in a 24-item questionnaire assessing adolescent-reported use of six specific strategies for healthy eating that represent three general self-regulation approaches. Study 2 showed that the easy-to-administer theory-based TESQ-E has a clear factor structure and good subscale reliabilities. The questionnaire was related to eating-related behaviors and dietary intake, indicating predictive validity. Study 3 showed good test-retest reliabilities for the TESQ-E. Study 4 indicated that TESQ-E was related to but also distinguishable from general self-regulation and motivation measures. CONCLUSIONS: The TESQ-E provides a reliable and valid measure to assess six theory-based self-regulation strategies that adolescents may use to ensure their healthy eating.

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