Searchable Title

PSCAN - Psychological Screening Tool (appears in: Development and Validation of a Psychosocial Screening Instrument for Cancer). Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Linden, W.; Yi, D.; Barroetavena, M. C.; MacKenzie, R.; Doll, R.

Title, Section

PSCAN - Psychological Screening Tool (appears in: Development and Validation of a Psychosocial Screening Instrument for Cancer). Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2005

Journal Title

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Volume

3

Issue

Sept. 7

Pages

54

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 16144555

DOI

10.1186/1477-7525-3-54

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We are reporting on the development of a psychosocial screening tool for cancer patients. The tool was to be brief, at a relatively low reading level, capture psychological variables relevant to distress and health-related quality-of-life in cancer patients, possess good reliability and validity, and be free of copyright protection. METHOD: Item derivation is described, data on reliability and validity as well as norms are reported for three samples of cancer patients (n = 1057; n = 570, n = 101). RESULTS: The resulting 21-item psychological screen for cancer (PSCAN) assesses perceived social support, desired social support, health-related quality-of-life, anxiety and depression. It has good psychometrics including high internal consistency (alpha averaging .83, and acceptable test-retest stability over 2 months (averaging r = .64). Validity has been established for content, construct and concurrent validity. CONCLUSION: PSCAN is considered ready for use as a screening tool and also for following changes in patient distress throughout the cancer care trajectory. It is freely available to all interested non-profit users.

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