Searchable Title

Construction and Validation of a Measure of Integrative Well-Being in Seven Languages: The Pemberton Happiness Index. (PHI) ; Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Searchable Authors

Gonzalo Hervas
Carmelo L Vazquez

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Hervas, Gonzalo; Vazquez, Carmelo

Title, Section

Construction and Validation of a Measure of Integrative Well-Being in Seven Languages: The Pemberton Happiness Index. (PHI) ; Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2013

Journal Title

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Volume

11

Issue

Apr. 22

Pages

66

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 23607679

DOI

10.1186/1477-7525-11-66

Abstract

PURPOSE: We introduce the Pemberton Happiness Index (PHI), a new integrative measure of well-being in seven languages, detailing the validation process and presenting psychometric data. The scale includes eleven items related to different domains of remembered well-being (general, hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being) and ten items related to experienced well-being (i.e., positive and negative emotional events that possibly happened the day before); the sum of these items produces a combined well-being index. METHODS: A distinctive characteristic of this study is that to construct the scale, an initial pool of items, covering the remembered and experienced well-being domains, were subjected to a complete selection and validation process. These items were based on widely used scales (e.g., PANAS, Satisfaction With Life Scale, Subjective Happiness Scale, and Psychological Well-Being Scales). Both the initial items and reference scales were translated into seven languages and completed via Internet by participants (N = 4,052) aged 16 to 60 years from nine countries (Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, and USA). RESULTS: Results from this initial validation study provided very good support for the psychometric properties of the PHI (i.e., internal consistency, a single-factor structure, and convergent and incremental validity). CONCLUSIONS: Given the PHI's good psychometric properties, this simple and integrative index could be used as an instrument to monitor changes in well-being. We discuss the utility of this integrative index to explore well-being in individuals and communities.

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