Searchable Title

AHEAD (Aspiring Leaders in Healthcare-Empowering Individuals, Achieving Excellence, Developing Talents) Instrument. [also known as: AHEAD Domains & Competencies] (appears in: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Leadership Competency Instrument for Existing and Emerging Allied Health Professional Leaders.) Copyright: Ang,H.G.; Koh,J.M.; Lee,J.; Pua,Y.H.

Searchable Authors

H G. Ang
J M G Koh
J Lee
Y H. Pua

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Ang, H. G.; Koh, J. M.; Lee, J.; Pua, Y. H.

Title, Section

AHEAD (Aspiring Leaders in Healthcare-Empowering Individuals, Achieving Excellence, Developing Talents) Instrument. [also known as: AHEAD Domains & Competencies] (appears in: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Leadership Competency Instrument for Existing and Emerging Allied Health Professional Leaders.) Copyright: Ang,H.G.; Koh,J.M.; Lee,J.; Pua,Y.H.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

BMC Health Services Research

Volume

16

Issue

Feb. 19

Pages

64

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 26892446

DOI

10.1186/s12913-016-1301-1

Abstract

Full text is in Additional File 1 on webpage. BACKGROUND: No instruments, to our knowledge, exist to assess leadership competency in existing and emerging allied health professional (AHP) leaders. This paper describes the development and preliminary exploration of the psychometric properties of a leadership competency instrument for existing and emerging AHP leaders and examines (i) its factor structure, (ii) its convergent validity with the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), and (iii) its discriminative validity in AHPs with different grades. METHODS: During development, we included 25 items in the AHEAD (Aspiring leaders in Healthcare-Empowering individuals, Achieving excellence, Developing talents) instrument. A cross-sectional study was then conducted in 106 high-potential AHPs from Singapore General Hospital (34 men and 72 women) of different professional grades (49 principal-grade AHPs, 41 senior-grade AHPs, and 16 junior-grade AHPs) who completed both AHEAD and LPI instruments. Exploratory factor analysis was used to test the theoretical structure of AHEAD. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the convergent validity of AHEAD with LPI. Using proportional odds regression models, we evaluated the association of grades of AHPs with AHEAD and LPI. To assess discriminative validity, the c-statistics - a measure of discrimination - were derived from these ordinal models. RESULTS: As theorized, factor analysis suggested a two-factor solution, where "skills" and "values" formed separate factors. Internal consistency of AHEAD was excellent (α-values > 0.88). Total and component AHEAD and LPI scores correlated moderately (Spearman ρ-values, 0.37 to 0.58). The c-index for discriminating between AHP grades was higher for AHEAD than for the LPI (0.76 vs. 0.65). CONCLUSION: The factorial structure of AHEAD was generally supported in our study. AHEAD showed convergent validity with the LPI and outperformed the LPI in terms of discriminative validity. These results provide initial evidence for the use of AHEAD to assess leadership competency in AHPs.

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