Searchable Title

Measuring the Ability to Tolerate Activity-Related Discomfort: Initial Validation of the Physical Activity Acceptance Questionnaire (PAAQ). Copyright: Human Kinetics, Inc.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Butryn, M. L.; Arigo, D.; Raggio, G. A.; Kaufman, A. I.; Kerrigan, S. G.; Forman, E. M.

Title, Section

Measuring the Ability to Tolerate Activity-Related Discomfort: Initial Validation of the Physical Activity Acceptance Questionnaire (PAAQ). Copyright: Human Kinetics, Inc.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Journal of Physical Activity & Health

Volume

12

Issue

5

Pages

717-26

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 25106049

DOI

10.1123/jpah.2013-0338

Abstract

Instrument is in Table 2. BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is essential for health, but many adults find PA adherence challenging. Acceptance of discomfort related to PA may influence an individual's ability to begin and sustain a program of exercise. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Physical Activity Acceptance Questionnaire (PAAQ). METHODS: The PAAQ was administered to 3 distinct samples (N = 418). Each sample completed additional self-report measures; 1 sample also wore accelerometers for 7 days (at baseline and 6 months later). RESULTS: The PAAQ demonstrated high internal validity for its total score (α = .89) and 2 subscales (Cognitive Acceptance α = .86, Behavioral Commitment α = .85). The PAAQ also showed convergent validity with measures of mindfulness, self-reported physical activity levels, and accelerometer-verified levels of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA; P-values < .05). The Cognitive Acceptance subscale showed predictive validity for objectively-verified PA levels among individuals attempting to increase PA over 6 months (P = .05). Test-retest reliability for a subset of participants (n = 46) demonstrated high consistency over 1 week (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The PAAQ demonstrates sound psychometric properties, and shows promise for improving the current understanding of PA facilitators and barriers among adults.

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