Searchable Title

Validation of a Brief Measure of Opioid Dependence: The Rapid Opioid Dependence Screen (RODS). Copyright: Wickersham, J. A.; Azar, M. M.; Cannon, C. M.; Altice, F. L.; Springer, S. A.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Wickersham, J. A.; Azar, M. M.; Cannon, C. M.; Altice, F. L.; Springer, S. A.

Title, Section

Validation of a Brief Measure of Opioid Dependence: The Rapid Opioid Dependence Screen (RODS). Copyright: Wickersham, J. A.; Azar, M. M.; Cannon, C. M.; Altice, F. L.; Springer, S. A.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Journal of Correctional Health Care

Volume

21

Issue

1

Pages

12-26

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 25559628

DOI

10.1177/1078345814557513

Abstract

Full text Instrument is in the Appendix. The Rapid Opioid Dependence Screen (RODS) is an 8-item measure of opioid dependence designed for quick, targeted screening in clinical and research settings. Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth edition, criteria, the RODS has an average administration of less than 2 minutes and can easily be administered as a stand-alone instrument or as part of a comprehensive interview. This study reports on the initial validation of the RODS among a sample of 97 newly incarcerated, HIV-positive individuals. Using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the primary measure of opioid dependence, the RODS showed good-to-strong sensitivity (.97), specificity (.76), positive predictive value (.69), and negative predictive value (.98), while concordance analysis revealed moderate diagnostic agreement (κ = .67). Psychometric properties revealed strong internal consistency (α = .92) and inter-item correlations (.66 to .87).

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