Searchable Title

AEAS (Female Version) (appears in: The Anticipated Effects of Alcohol Scale: Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Novel Assessment Tool for Measuring Alcohol Expectancies.) Copyright: American Psychological Association.

Searchable Authors

M E. Morean
W R. Corbin
T A. Treat

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Morean, M. E.; Corbin, W. R.; Treat, T. A.

Title, Section

AEAS (Female Version) (appears in: The Anticipated Effects of Alcohol Scale: Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Novel Assessment Tool for Measuring Alcohol Expectancies.) Copyright: American Psychological Association.

Publication Year

2012

Journal Title

Psychological Assessment

Volume

24

Issue

4

Pages

1008-1023

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 22708572

DOI

10.1037/a0028982

Abstract

Alcohol expectancy (AEs) research has enhanced our understanding of how anticipated alcohol effects confer risk for heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems. However, extant AE measures have limitations within 1 or more of the following areas: assessing a comprehensive range of effects, specifying the hypothetical number of drinks consumed, assessing AEs by limb of the blood alcohol curve (BAC), and/or not having undergone psychometric evaluation. Building upon the strengths of existing measures, we employed conceptual and statistical advances in measurement development to create the novel, psychometrically sound Anticipated Effects of Alcohol Scale (AEAS). Unique to this study, pilot data ensured that the AEAS comprised a comprehensive sampling of effects that varied in valence (positive/negative) and arousal (low/high) and were identified as plausible outcomes of drinking. The AEAS specified the number of drinks individuals imagined consuming (adjusted for sex) and the hypothetical drinking episode length (2 hr). AEs were also assessed separately by BAC limb. For validation purposes, the AEAS was included in several survey studies of young adults (ages 18-30). The validity argument for the proposed interpretation of AEAS test scores was based upon the following: (a) exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 546) identified a 22-item, 4-factor internal structure, categorizing alcohol effects into quadrants (high/low arousal crossed with positive/negative valence); (b) scalar measurement invariance was established for BAC limb, sex, and binge drinking status; (c) convergence/divergence was observed with alternative AEs measures and mood; and (d) test-criterion relationships were observed with several alcohol-related outcomes. The reliability argument was based on test-retest and internal consistency coefficients.

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