Searchable Title

Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire (appears in: Development of a Comprehensive Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire). Copyright:American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Bergman, H. E.; Reeve, B. B.; Moser, R. P.; Scholl, S.; Klein, W. M.

Title, Section

Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire (appears in: Development of a Comprehensive Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire). Copyright:American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Publication Year

2011

Journal Title

American Journal of Health Education

Volume

42

Issue

2

Pages

74-87

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 21720571

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the United States, yet a comprehensive and evidence-based heart disease knowledge assessment is currently not available. PURPOSE: This paper describes the 2 phase development of a novel heart disease knowledge questionnaire. METHODS: After review and critique of the existing literature, a questionnaire addressing 5 central domains of heart disease knowledge was constructed. In Phase I, 606 undergraduates completed a 82-item questionnaire. In Phase II, 248 undergraduates completed a revised 74-item questionnaire. In both phases, item clarity and difficulty were evaluated, along with the overall factor structure of the scale. RESULTS: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to reduce the scale to 30 items with fit statistics, CFI = .82, TLI = .88, and RMSEA = .03. Scores were correlated moderately positively with an existing scale and weakly positively with a measure of health literacy, thereby establishing both convergent and divergent validity. DISCUSSION: The finalized 30-item questionnaire is a concise, yet discriminating instrument that reliably measures participants' heart disease knowledge levels. TRANSLATION TO HEALTH EDUCATION PRACTICE: Health professionals can use this scale to assess their patients' heart disease knowledge so that they can create a tailored program to help their patients reduce their heart disease risk.

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