Searchable Title

CYRM (appears in: Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure Among South African Adolescents). Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Govender, K.; Cowden, R. G.; Oppong Asante, K.; George, G.; Reardon, C.

Title, Section

CYRM (appears in: Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure Among South African Adolescents). Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2017

Journal Title

PLoS One

Volume

12

Issue

10

Pages

e0185815

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 28982195

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0185815

Abstract

Resilience is a dynamic, interactive process between resources that contribute to safeguarding a person and the adversities they experience. Within this promotional framework of resilience, this study sought to validate the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) among a sample of South African adolescents (N = 1854). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a superior level of fit for a 24-item, three-factor model (i.e., individual/social, familial, and community/spiritual). Internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates at a 12-month interval (N = 648) supported the reliability of the scales. Higher scores on the scales were associated with feeling more connected at school, greater parental monitoring perceptions, and lower sexual risk, confirming the convergent and criterion validity of the instrument. Partial discriminative power was evidenced based on selected scale distinctions according to age and sex groupings. Collectively, the findings suggest the 24-item CYRM is a valid and reliable self-report measure to assess the availability of resources associated with resilience in South African youth.

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