Searchable Title

Children's Separation Anxiety Scale (CSAS): Psychometric Properties. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Mendez, X.; Espada, J. P.; Orgiles, M.; Llavona, L. M.; Garcia-Fernandez, J. M.

Title, Section

Children's Separation Anxiety Scale (CSAS): Psychometric Properties. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2014

Journal Title

PLoS One

Volume

9

Issue

7

Pages

e103212

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 25072402

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0103212

Abstract

This study describes the psychometric properties of the Children's Separation Anxiety Scale (CSAS), which assesses separation anxiety symptoms in childhood. Participants in Study 1 were 1,908 schoolchildren aged between 8 and 11. Exploratory factor analysis identified four factors: worry about separation, distress from separation, opposition to separation, and calm at separation, which explained 46.91% of the variance. In Study 2, 6,016 children aged 8-11 participated. The factor model in Study 1 was validated by confirmatory factor analysis. The internal consistency (α = 0.82) and temporal stability (r = 0.83) of the instrument were good. The convergent and discriminant validity were evaluated by means of correlations with other measures of separation anxiety, childhood anxiety, depression and anger. Sensitivity of the scale was 85% and its specificity, 95%. The results support the reliability and validity of the CSAS.

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