Searchable Title

External and Internal Sources of Inspiration Scale--EISI. (appears in: Development and Validation of a New Multidimensional Measure of Inspiration: Associations with Risk for Bipolar Disorder.) Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Searchable Authors

S Jones
A Dodd
J Gruber

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Jones, S.; Dodd, A.; Gruber, J.

Title, Section

External and Internal Sources of Inspiration Scale--EISI. (appears in: Development and Validation of a New Multidimensional Measure of Inspiration: Associations with Risk for Bipolar Disorder.) Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2014

Journal Title

PLoS One

Volume

9

Issue

3

Pages

e91669

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 24670894

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0091669

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Individuals at risk for, and diagnosed with, bipolar disorder (BD) appear to have heightened levels of creativity. Although inspiration is creativity, the ways in which individuals appraise and respond emotionally to inspiration in BD remain unexplored. METHOD: The present study reports on a new measure of inspiration (External and Internal Sources of Inspiration Scale--EISI). The reliability and validity of EISI were explored along with associations between EISI and BD risk. RESULTS: Among a cross-national student sample (N = 708) 5 inspiration factors were derived from EISI (self, other, achievement, prosocial and external inspiration). Reliability, concurrent validity and convergent/divergent validity were good. Total EISI and all subscales were associated with increased positive rumination, and total EISI and the achievement EISI subscale were associated with impulsivity. Total EISI, self and prosocial EISI subscales were independently associated with BD risk and current mania symptoms. CONCLUSION: This new measure of inspiration is multidimensional, reliable and valid. Findings suggest that self and prosocial focused inspiration are particularly associated with risk for BD after controlling for current manic symptoms. Future studies in clinical populations may illuminate the relationships between inspiration and creativity in BD.

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