Searchable Title

IMatter: Validation of the NHS Scotland Employee Engagement Index. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Searchable Authors

A Snowden
E W MacArthur

Reference Type

Journal Article

Authors, Section

Snowden, A.; MacArthur, E.

Title, Section

IMatter: Validation of the NHS Scotland Employee Engagement Index. Copyright: Creative Commons License.

Publication Year

2014

Journal Title

BMC Health Services Research

Volume

14

Issue

Nov. 8

Pages

535

Availability

online

PMID

PMID: 25380689

DOI

10.1186/s12913-014-0535-z

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Employee engagement is a fundamental component of quality healthcare. In order to provide empirical data of engagement in NHS Scotland an Employee Engagement Index was co-constructed with staff. 'iMatter' consists of 25 Likert questions developed iteratively from the literature and a series of validation events with NHS Scotland staff. The aim of this study was to test the face, content and construct validity of iMatter. METHODS: Cross sectional survey of NHS Scotland staff. In January 2013 iMatter was sent to 2300 staff across all disciplines in NHS Scotland. 1280 staff completed it. Demographic data were collected. Internal consistency of the scale was calculated. Construct validity consisted of concurrent application of factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Face and content validity were checked using 3 focus groups. RESULTS: The sample was representative of the NHSScotland population. iMatter showed very strong reliability (α = 0.958). Factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure consistent with the following interpretation: CONCLUSIONS: iMatter showed evidence of high reliability and validity. It is a popular measure of staff engagement in NHS Scotland. Implications for practice focus on the importance of coproduction in psychometric development.

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