Originally Published In
Goodenough, U. (1996) Biology: what one needs to know. Zygon, 31(4), 671–680. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1996.tb00955.x
Biology on this planet represents an astonishing experiment in carbon-based chemistry which, over billions of years, has generated billions of species adapted to countless major and minor fluctuations in ecological circumstances. In one sense there is no way to generalize about biology. While biological activities can all be ultimately explained by physical laws (like everything else in the universe), it is the emergent intensely particular properties of organisms that most interest us. This essay represents an attempt to describe some of the more prominent patterns that emerge from the sea of biological particularities, patterns that present many opportunities for religious reflection.
Goodenough, Ursula, "Biology: What One Needs To Know" (1996). Biology Faculty Publications & Presentations. 91.