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Goodenough, U. (2001). Genomes, Gould, and emergence. Zygon, 36(3), 383-393. DOI: 10.1111/0591-2385.00369


The publication of the human genome has elicited commentary to the effect that, since fewer genes were identified than anticipated, it follows that genes are less important to human biology than anticipated. The flaws in this syllogism are explained in the context of a treatise on how genomes operate and evolve and how genes function to produce embryos and brains. Most of our most cherished human traits are the result of the emergence of new properties from preexisting genetically scripted ideas, offering countless opportunities to celebrate the evolutionary process.


This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Goodenough, U. (2001). Genomes, Gould, and emergence. Zygon, 36(3), 383-393, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.