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Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
Year of Completion
Warm Summer Continental Climate
Material and its Properties
The museum's 12-inch-thick, cast-in-place concrete walls optimize energy use through thermal mass. The concrete used came from local sources, requiring less energy in transportation. The museum's 20,000 yards of 4000 to 6000 psi concrete contained 3% recycled content and 100% regional materials.
wHY Architecture, "Grand Rapids Art Museum" (2007). Building Case Studies. 164.