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Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Considering the French protectorate in Morocco as a dynamic space for women's literary productions, I examine the writing of French women travelers (novelists, poets and journalists) in Morocco during the pre-colonial and colonial period. I then consider Moroccan women's novels composed in French in the 80s that revisited this historical period and reworked its many discourses. I argue that women travelers (1906-1936) wrote in a constrained colonial literary site in which they were required to follow the masculine hegemonic discourse and colonial mythology, albeit in a genre and style acceptable for women. The thesis also investigates how the Moroccan protectorate constituted a literary space of transgression due to the fluidity of its definition. I show that women writers were able to create a narrative where they could deconstruct the orientalist canon of the colonial discourse. I then conclude by arguing that Moroccan women writers produce a counter-discourse to the more dominant ones in this historical period and attempt to destroy much colonial and orientalist mythology. In this manner they make room for emerging voices; voices historically oppressed by a hegemonic Eurocentric and patriarchal discourse.
Chair and Committee
Tili Boon Cuillé, Elizabeth C. Childs, Pascal Ifri, Pascale Perraudin
Bouamer, Siham, "Le Protectorat au Maroc: Lieux et Espaces Littéraires Féminins" (2016). Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 833.
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