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Predicting Short-Term Positive Affect Trajectory in Individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder: The Role of Selected Personality Traits and Emotion Regulation Strategies
Date of Award
Master of Arts (AM/MA)
Recently, a growing body of research has provided support for a moderate, inverse relationship between social anxiety and dispositional positive affect (e.g., Kashdan, 2007). However, the dynamics of this relationship remain poorly understood, and there is a paucity of research examining state-level fluctuations in positive affect for individuals with social anxiety disorder. The present study offers an extension of previous work by evaluating whether certain personality traits (i.e., extraversion and neuroticism) and emotion regulation variables predict the short-term trajectory of state positive affect in individuals with the disorder as well as demographically equivalent controls. Positive affect as measured by the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM; Bradley & Lang, 1994) and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS; Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) was assessed before and after each of three behavioral tasks in which the participant conversed with either a friend or a romantic partner. Initial latent trajectory analyses revealed that the best-fitting slope parameters for each group were largely against expectation and varied across measurement instrument. Tests of models including predictors were consistent with some, but not all, hypothesized links between personality traits and emotion regulation tendencies and the theorized individual influence of v each on short-term hedonic activity. Additional research is needed to explore further the interactive effect of social anxiety and emotion regulation strategies on positive emotions.
Chair and Committee
Thomas L. Rodebaugh
Weisman, Jaclyn Sara, "Predicting Short-Term Positive Affect Trajectory in Individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder: The Role of Selected Personality Traits and Emotion Regulation Strategies" (2014). Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 316.