This item is under embargo and not available online per the author's request. For access information, please visit http://libanswers.wustl.edu/faq/5640.

ORCID

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8629-7797

Date of Award

Spring 5-15-2021

Author's School

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Author's Department

Physics

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Projective measurement is a commonly used assumption in quantum mechanics. However, advances in quantum measurement techniques allow for partial measurements, which accurately estimate state information while keeping the wavefunction intact. We employ partial measurements to study two phenomena. First, we investigate an uncertainty relation—in the style of Heisenberg’s 1929 thought experiment—which includes partial measurements in addition to projective measurements. We find that a weak partial measurement can decrease the uncertainty between two incompatible (non-commuting) observables. In the second study, we investigate the foundation of irreversible dynamics resulting from partial measurements. We do so by comparing the forward and time-reversed probabilities of measurement outcomesresulting from post-selected feedback protocols with both causal and reversed-causal order. We find that the statistics of partial measurements produce entropy in accordance with generalized second laws of thermodynamics. We perform these experiments using superconducting qubits. We describe the fabrication process for these devices and detail a novel fabrication technique that allows fast, single-step lithography of Josephson-junction-based superconducting circuits. The technique simplifies processing by utilizing a direct-write photolithography system, in contrast to traditional

Language

English (en)

Chair and Committee

Kater W. Murch

Committee Members

James H. Buckley, Erik A. Henricksen, Zohar H. Nussinov, Jung-Tsung Shen,

Available for download on Sunday, May 15, 2022

Share

COinS