This item is under embargo and not available online per the author's request. For access information, please visit http://libanswers.wustl.edu/faq/5640.

ORCID

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9400-4448

Date of Award

Winter 12-15-2019

Author's School

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Author's Department

Biology & Biomedical Sciences (Immunology)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Transcriptional control of gene expression is essential for life, tailoring protein production to development and environment to maintain organismal homeostasis. A limited set of proteins termed transcription factors are critical to this process. As our understanding of these central regulators has improved, new aspects of cell and organismal biology have been revealed. Herein, we demonstrate the importance of the transcription factor Bhlhe40 to tissue-resident macrophages, T helper type 2 cells, and type 2 immune responses, revealing novel transcriptional control of macrophages and unexpected cytokine regulation of helminth infection. We find that Bhlhe40 is cell-intrinsically required for normal proliferation of large serous cavity macrophages, but not other tissue-resident macrophage populations, revealing tissue-specific control of macrophage cycling active in homeostasis and type 2 immunity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Bhlhe40 is critical for a normal transcription response of T helper cells to secondary infection with the helminth Heligmosomoides polygyrus bakeri (H. polygyrus). T cell-intrinsic loss of Bhlhe40 impairs protective memory to H. polygyrus and reveals novel redundancy between the common beta chain-dependent cytokines GM-CSF and IL-5 in anti-helminth immunity.

Language

English (en)

Chair and Committee

Brian T. Edelson

Committee Members

Paul M. Allen, Marco Colonna, Gwendalyn J. Randolph, Thaddeus S. Stappenbeck,

Comments

Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.7936/02aj-0q42

Available for download on Sunday, September 12, 2021

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