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ORCID

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4113-6065

Date of Award

Spring 5-15-2019

Author's School

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Author's Department

Biology & Biomedical Sciences (Molecular Genetics & Genomics)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Structural variants (SVs) are an important source of human genetic diversity but their contribution to traits, disease, and gene regulation remains unclear. In conjunction with technical challenges associated with SV discovery, a dearth of available software to analyze SVs in large cohorts sets has hindered the characterization of SVs in a number of functional aspects, including their effects on gene expression. Here, we present computational tools for rapid, accurate, and scalable detection of SVs, and we apply these methods to examine the effects of SVs on human gene expression in the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project. We mapped cis expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in 13 tissues from deep whole genome sequencing (WGS). We estimate that SVs are causal at 3.5-6.8% of eQTLs – a substantially higher fraction than prior estimates – and that expression-altering SVs have larger effect sizes than SNVs and indels. We observe a notable abundance of rare, high impact SVs associated with aberrant expression of nearby genes. These results suggest that comprehensive WGS-based SV analyses, using novel tools described herein, will increase the power of common and rare variant association studies.

Language

English (en)

Chair and Committee

Ira M. Hall

Committee Members

Donald F. Conrad, Todd E. Druley, Christina A. Gurnett, Nathan O. Stitziel,

Comments

Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.7936/z74a-z822

Available for download on Monday, May 15, 2119

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