Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Specific gut commensal bacteria improve host health by eliciting mutualistic regulatory T (Treg) cells responses. However, the bacteria that induce effector T (Teff) cells during inflammation are unclear. Here, we addressed this by analyzing bacterial-reactive T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic cells and TCR repertoires in a murine colitis model. Unexpectedly, we found that mucosal-associated Helicobacter species triggered both Treg responses during homeostasis and Teff responses during colitis, as suggested by an increased overlap between the Teff/Treg TCR repertoires with colitis. In fact, 4/6 Treg TCRs tested recognized mucosal-associated Helicobacter species in vitro and in vivo. By contrast, the marked expansion of luminal Bacteroides species seen during colitis did not trigger a commensurate Teff response. Unlike other Treg cell-inducing bacteria, Helicobacter species are known pathobionts and cause disease in immunodeficient mice. Thus, our study suggests a model in which mucosal bacteria elicit context-dependent Treg or effector cell responses to facilitate intestinal tolerance or inflammation.
Chair and Committee
Paul Allen, Marco Colonna, Takeshi Egawa, Thaddeus Stappenbeck,
Chai, Jiani, "CD4 T Cell Interaction with Intestinal Microbes under Homeostasis and Inflammation" (2018). Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1613.