We prove generalizations of Loewner's results on matrix monotone functions to several variables. We give a characterization of when a function of d variables is locally monotone on d-tuples of commuting self-adjoint n-by-n matrices. We prove a generalization to several variables of Nevanlinna's theorem describing analytic functions that map the upper half-plane to itself and satisfy a growth condition. We use this to characterize all rational functions of two variables that are operator monotone.
Agler, Jim; McCarthy, John E.; and Young, N J., "Operator monotone functions and Löwner functions of several variables" (2012). Mathematics Faculty Publications. 12.