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This study examines WIC eligibility, which extends beyond mothers to children up to five years of age with nutritional risk, and participation. The number of children living in grandparent-headed households increased 30% between1990 and 2005, half are under age six, and their households have higher poverty rates than other family type households (Hayslip & Kaminski, 2005). Research conducted on TANF and food stamps has shown that although grandmother-only no parent families are most likely to be poor, they are less likely to receive benefits (Brandon, 2005). If the same pattern is true of WIC participation, young children with nutrition risk who are living with grandparents may be underutilizing the program. Locating these families geographically could help target outreach efforts.
St. Louis, MO
Maust, Amanda, "Birth-WIC" (2014). GIS Posters. Poster 138.