Author's School

Arts & Sciences

Author's Department

Biology

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-16-2017

Originally Published In

Cooney, Christopher R., Joseph A. Tobias, Jason T. Weir, Carlos A. Botero, and Nathalie Seddon. "Sexual selection, speciation and constraints on geographical range overlap in birds." Ecology Letters 20, no.7 (2017): 863–871. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12780

Abstract

The role of sexual selection as a driver of speciation remains unresolved, not least because we lack a clear empirical understanding of its influence on different phases of the speciation process. Here, using data from 1306 recent avian speciation events, we show that plumage dichromatism (a proxy for sexual selection) does not predict diversification rates, but instead explains the rate at which young lineages achieve geographical range overlap. Importantly, this effect is only significant when range overlap is narrow (< 20%). These findings are consistent with a ‘differential fusion’ model wherein sexual selection reduces rates of fusion among lineages undergoing secondary contact, facilitating parapatry or limited co-existence, whereas more extensive sympatry is contingent on additional factors such as ecological differentiation. Our results provide a more mechanistic explanation for why sexual selection appears to drive early stages of speciation while playing a seemingly limited role in determining broad-scale patterns of diversification.

Comments

Accepted manuscript version of Cooney, Christopher R., Joseph A. Tobias, Jason T. Weir, Carlos A. Botero, and Nathalie Seddon. "Sexual selection, speciation and constraints on geographical range overlap in birds." Ecology Letters 20, no.7 (2017): 863–871. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12780

© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS

DOI

10.1111/ele.12780

Embargo Period

5-16-2018

ele12780-sup-0001-Appendix.pdf (759 kB)
Supplement 1: Appendix

Available for download on Wednesday, May 16, 2018

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