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Date of Award

Summer 8-15-2016

Author's School

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Author's Department

Physics

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Pairing in asymmetric nuclear matter has been studied incorporating the effect of finite total momentum. We employ the generalized Cooper eigenvalue equation, which can be used to demonstrate the pairing instability and also generates reasonable pairing gaps compared to the traditional Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) gap equation. From phase space arguments and the resulting strength of the pairing gap, we learn that the Larkin-Ovchinnikov-FuldeFerrell phase with a finite total momentum is favored over the conventional phase in asymmetric nuclear matter, but not in symmetric nuclear matter. To address open questions in neutron star cooling, neutron matter pairing gaps of the 1S0 and the 3P2 −3 F2 channels in a wide range of densities have been calculated using three different realistic interactions. Instead of the mean-field BCS procedure, we incorporate the influence of short- and longrange correlations in calculating the pairing gaps. Short-range correlations are treated to include the fragmentation of single-particle states, suppressing the gaps substantially. Longrange correlations dress the pairing interaction via density and spin modes, and provide a smaller correction. The results provide input for neutron-star cooling scenarios and are parametrized in a user friendly way. The results are of particular relevance in view of the recent observational data on Cassiopeia A. To study the nucleon-nucleus scattering problem in an ab-initio way, the optical potential in the momentum vector basis beyond the mean- field has been calculated employing the T × ρ folding as the first step of the self-consistent Green’s function method. The deuteron pole structure of T − matrix has been properly avoided using the spectral functions from the dispersive optical model. A comparison of the resulting real and imaginary part of the self-energy at 100 MeV with the corresponding dispersive-optical-model potentials shows reasonable agreement.

Language

English (en)

Chair and Committee

Willem H. Dickhoff

Committee Members

Robert J. Charity, Kater W. Murch, Demetrios G. Sarantites, Lee G. Sobotka

Comments

Permanent URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7936/K7SQ8XS4

Available for download on Friday, September 22, 2017

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